WHAT IS AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER?

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is the term given for a developmental condition which affects the following areas:

  • Social interaction
  • Communication- verbal and nonverbal
  • Repetitive behaviours
  • Sensory processing

Each person with ASD is different- If you have met one person with Autism you have met ONE person with Autism diagnosis for ASD usually occurs by age 3.
ASD affects people from all walks of life, all countries, all social classes and all ethnic backgrounds. Autism occurs four times more in boys than in girls.
Early intervention improves the symptoms of ASD.

SIGNS OF AUTISM BEFORE 12 MONTHS¬†–¬†Dr. Annette Nunez Phd, LMFT- Director Breakthrough Interventions Denver, USA

  • Child does not respond to his/her name when called
  • Child does not imitate physical gestures (i.e. waving, pointing, smiling, etc.)
  • Child does not imitate sounds
  • Child does not babble
  • Does not use gestures to communicate (i.e. pointing, waving, etc.)
  • Child does not make direct eye contact
  • Child does not follow adults pointed finger
  • Child lacks shared enjoyment
  • Child has more interest in objects more than people
  • Child lacks back and forth communication such as sharing of sounds, smiles, and other facial gestures.

 

ADDITIONAL SIGNS BEFORE 24 MONTHS

  • Child does not have any spoken words
  • Child does not have meaningful two word phrases
  • Child does not respond to verbal instructions
  • Child has limited play skills with toys
  • Child plays with toys in unusual ways (i.e. spinning, sniffing licking objects)
  • Child prefers to play alone, seems aloof
  • Child appears disinterested in people or unaware of people around them
  • Child lacks imaginative play skills
  • Child has repetitive motor movements (i.e. walking in circles, jumping, pacing)
  • Child has an unusual insistence on routine
  • Child has a sensitivity to external lights and sounds
  • Child has extreme emotional outburst such as laughing or crying for no apparent reason